NEWS: Some information on Single Board Computers

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Name CPU Type CPU Features O.S.
       
Arduino ATmega328 Family Atmel 8-bit AVR RISC-based microcontroller. On-chip flash, eeprom, and ram.On-chip 6 or 8bit D/A converter, 3 timer-counters, 6 PWM channels, usart, 23 programmable I/O lines, watchDog timer, external & internal interrupts, 32 GP registers, static operation, and more.

Arduino programming language (based on Wiring) and Arduino development environment (based on Processing Processing).
C programming compiler.

       
Raspberry Pi BCM2835 (Broadcom) BCM2835 (Containing an ARM) Various Linux
       
Beagle Bone TI Sitara AM3358AZCZ100i ARM (Advanced RISC Machine) Architecture Android, Ubuntu Linux
       
Basic Stamp PIC16C56a,
SX28AC, SX48BD.
PIC16C56a:
http://www.microchip.com/: Microchip Technology Inc. is a leading provider of microcontrollers, headquartered in Chandler, Arizona . SX28AC,SX48BD: Configurable Communications Controllers
Parallax PBASIC language interpreter
       
Spin Stamp SS1-IC Spin Stamp: Being obsoleted in favor of the Propeller Chip.  
       
Java Stamp Yes, the PCB is now pink. Javelin Stamp Module - Retired